When learning about essential oils it helps to know some basic terms. Here is a quick list with oil related terms and what they mean. If you have any questions feel free to ask, my main goal is to spread awareness about oils.
Adulterant — a substance, artificial or natural, added to an essential oil, which was not originally present in the oil at the time of distillation.
Carrier Oil — vegetable or nut oils, e.g., jojoba, coconut, avocado.
Diffuser — a device that disperses essential oils into an area. The three basic types are clay, candle and electric.
Dilute — adding a small amount of essential oil to a larger amount of base oil to make it safe for use on the skin.
Distillation — method used to extract essential oil from the plant. Steam distillation is the most common form of distillation.
GC/MS Report (Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry) — the report given by analytic chemists to determine the precise components of a product (in this case essential oils).
Essential oil — highly aromatic substance distilled from certain plants.
Neat — the use of an undiluted essential oil on the skin.
Notes — 3 main types top, middle, and base notes. A type of classification based on aroma to identify certain oils
Orifice reducer — a device used to reduce the size of the opening of a bottle, making dispensing easier and more accurate.
Oxidation — the deterioration of the essential oil due to oxygen being added to the chemical components.
Phototoxic — the use of the oil makes one’s skin more prone to damage from the sun’s UV rays.
Volatile — describes how quickly a substance disperses itself into the air.
Therapeutic Property Terms
Analgesic — numbs pain.
Antibacterial — destructive to bacteria.
Antifungal — inhibits growth of fungus.
Anti-infectious — helps the body strengthen its own resistance to infective organisms and rid the body of illness.
Anti-inflammatory — alleviates inflammation.
Antipyretic — dispels heat, fire and fever.
Antiseptic — assists in fighting germs and infections.
Antispasmodic — relieves spasms of voluntary and involuntary muscles.
Anti-tumeral — preventing the initiation, promotion and progression of cancer cells.
Antirheumatic — prevents and/or relieves rheumatic pain and swelling.
Antiviral — inhibits growth of viruses.
Astringent — firms tissue and organs; reduces discharges and secretions.
Carminative — relieves intestinal gas pain and distention; promotes peristalsis.
Cephalic — remedy for the head, usually clearing and stimulating.
Cicatrisant — cell-regenerative for skin, healing for scars.
Decongestant — reduces nasal mucus production and swelling.
Diaphoretic — causes perspiration and increased elimination through the skin.
Diuretic — promotes activity of kidney and bladder and increases urination.
Emmenagogue — helps promote and regulate menstruation.
Expectorant — promotes discharge of phlegm and mucus from the lungs and throat.
Hypotensive — lowers high blood pressure.
Immune stimulant — stimulates functioning of the immune system.
Mucolytic — breaks down mucus in the lungs.
Rubifacient — oil increases local blood circulation and can cause minor skin irritation, vasodilatation and local analgesic effect.
Sedative — calms and tranquilizes.
Stimulant — increases functional activity of specific organ or system.
Tonic — strengthens and restores vitality.
Sudorific — increases sweating.
Vasodilator — helps to dilate blood vessels.
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